Depression symptoms could be a problem for large numbers of teenagers,
suggest surveys for the Children's Society.
More than a quarter of 14 to 16-year-olds questioned said that they
frequently felt depressed.
A leading child psychiatrist said more support, and resources, for parents
was essential to tackle the problem.
But one adolescent mental health specialist said children who described
feeling sad, even regularly, may not actually have a depressive illness.
There is a growing recognition of the true cost of neglecting
children's mental health and wellbeing
In 2007, UNICEF rated the UK bottom of a league of industrialised countries
for child well-being, saying our children were under-educated, unhappy and
unhealthy compared with other European countries.
Results from the surveys, one by NOP of 8,000 teenagers, and another
conducted by BBC's Newsround programme, were published as part of the
society's report into child health.
A total of 27% of those questioned agreed with the statement: "I often feel
In the Newsround survey many children said they felt under pressure from
school, their classmates, and family expectations.
Seven out of ten said they felt the need to "look good", and were on a diet
some or all of the time.
The society's chief executive Bob Reitemeier said that the mental symptoms
of children had often been "dismissed".
"There is now an understanding that if we want to give children a better
childhood these matters must be addressed.
"There is a growing recognition of the true cost of neglecting children's
mental health and wellbeing."
Anything which encourages children to open up and talk about their
feelings is to be encouraged
Professor Stephen Scott, from the Institute of Psychiatry, and one of the
contributors to the inquiry, said that child mental health should be
"Support for parents is crucial - schooling has a key part to play, and
providing the effective treatments now available for children with mental
health problems takes time, skill and resources."
Marjorie Wallace, the chief executive of Sane, said: "We know that one in
ten young people have a mental disorder of some kind and it is concerning
that over a quarter of young people in this survey say they often feel
"It is vital that all children and young people with mental health problems
are identified and treated from the earliest stage."
Anita Thapar, Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Cardiff
University Medical School said that research pointed to between 2% and 8% of
children being depressed, depending on their age and social circumstances.
"This is probably what I would describe as low mood, although some of the
children who say they are feeling like this may well be suffering from a
"I would ask, is this a transient or persistent low mood with other symptoms
which are getting in the way of life?"
Children's Minister Kevin Brennan said that other national surveys suggested
that children generally felt well and good about themselves. He said: "But
that doesn't mean that there aren't problems and also some new challenges to
face in the modern world.
"That is why we issued our Children's Plan, which aims to make this the best
place in the world to be a child."