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Literacy is a luxury that many of us take for granted. We depend on written communication for information, guidance, and access to heath care information That is why SADAG created SPEAKING BOOKS and revolutionized the way information is delivered to low literacy communities. It's exactly what it sounds like.a book that talks to the reader in his or her local language, delivering critical information in an interactive, and educational way.
The customizable 16-page book, accompanied by local celebrity audio recordings, ensures that vital health and social messages can be seen, heard, read and understood..
We started with books on Teen Suicide prevention , HIV, AIDS and Depression, Understanding Mental Health and have developed over 30 titles, such as TB, Malaria, Polio, Vaccines for over 30 countries.
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Associate News Editor
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on January 5, 2012
A new study shows that deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a safe and effective intervention for treatment-resistant depression.
The study, led by researchers at Emory University in Atlanta, found that DBS works in patients with either unipolar major depressive disorder or bipolar II disorder.
“Depression is a serious and debilitating medical illness,” says Helen S. Mayberg, MD, a professor in the Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Neurology and Radiology at Emory University School of Medicine, who led the study.
“When we found that the potential for effective and sustained antidepressant response with DBS for patients with otherwise treatment resistant major depressive disorder was high, the next step was to determine if patients with intractable bipolar depression could also be successfully treated.”
An earlier study by Mayberg done in Toronto in collaboration with scientists at Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network and Emory, was the first to show such results for patients with treatment-resistant major depressive disorder. Mayberg conducted this new expanded trial at Emory to include patients with bipolar II disorder.
Bipolar spectrum disorder, sometimes referred to as manic-depression, is characterized by bouts of mania or hypomania alternating with episodes of depression. Although people with bipolar II disorder do not have full manic episodes, depressive episodes are frequent and intense, and there is a high risk of suicide, the researchers said.
A major challenge in treating bipolar depression is that many antidepressant medications may cause patients to “switch” into a hypomanic or manic episode, they add.
DBS uses high-frequency electrical stimulation targeted to a specific area of the brain. In the latest study, each of the 17 participants was implanted with two thin wire electrodes, one on each side of the brain. The other end of the wires were connected under the skin of the patient’s neck to a pulse generator implanted in the chest — similar to a pacemaker — that directed the electrical current.
Participants received single-blind stimulation for four weeks, not knowing if the DBS system was on or off. This was followed by active stimulation for 24 weeks. Patients were evaluated for up to two years following the onset of active stimulation.
A significant decrease in depression and an increase in function were associated with continuing stimulation, the researchers note. Remission and response rates were 18 percent and 41 percent after 24 weeks; 36 percent and 36 percent after one year; and 58 percent and 92 percent after two years of active stimulation.
Patients who achieved remission did not experience a spontaneous relapse, the researchers note.
Mayberg and her colleagues are continuing their research, studying demographic, clinical and imaging predictors of response and remission, and introducing psychotherapeutic rehabilitation. Why and how this treatment works is the primary focus of the ongoing research, Mayberg adds.
“Most of these patients have been in a depressed state for many years and are disabled and isolated,” says Dr. Paul E. Holtzheimer, lead psychiatrist on the study and now an associate professor and director of the Mood Disorders Service, Dartmouth Medical School.
“As their depression improves, they need a process to help them achieve full recovery that includes integration back into society. We hope to optimize the rate of improvement for these patients by using a model of care that provides psychotherapeutic rehabilitation built on evidence-based psychotherapy but tailored to the specific individual’s situation.”
Source: Emory University
Adcock Ingram Generics Bipolar Helpline
0800 70 80 90
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Sanofi Aventis Sleep Line
(0800 753 379)
Suicide Crisis Line
0800 567 567
Akeso Psychiatric Response Unit 24 Hour
0861 435 787
Department of Social Development Substance Abuse Line 24hr helpline
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Mourning Robin Williams Suicide
I’m not one for celebrity gossip.
For the most part, I’m content to let the stars of Hollywood live out their drama in their own world of fame. There are very few actors whose lives I pay attention to, or whose deaths I truly mourn.
Robin Williams is one of the them.
And tonight I am saddened. I am grieved by the death of a man who made his living through his expression of joy and laughter, who lived with a kindness and dignity that is greatly admired.
I mourn a man who struggled with the massive burden of depression so deep that he simply could not find a way out, and took his own life.
CALENDAR OF EVENTS 2014
Teen Suicide Prevention Week
16 - 22 February
Bipolar Awareness Day
Substance Abuse Awareness Day
Mental Health Awareness Month
1 – 31 July
Panic Awareness Day
World Suicide Prevention Day
World Mental Health Day
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