By Miranda Hitti
Psychology plays a role in the success of drugs that treat severe alcoholism, a new German study shows.
"We found an [alcohol] abstinence rate of more than 50% among the patients studied," researcher Hannelore Ehrenreich, MD, DVM, says in a news release.
She and her colleagues report that two alcoholism drugs -- Antabuse and calcium carbimide -- were tied to alcohol abstinence.
The drugs seemed to be well-tolerated, even with long-term use. The longer patients took the drugs, the more likely they were to stay sober, even after stopping the drugs, Ehrenreich says.
She works at the Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine in Gottingen, Germany.
Fake Drugs Also Counted
Fake drugs that didn't contain any medication were also associated with alcohol abstinence.
"Sham alcohol deterrents are as efficient as [Antabuse] or calcium carbimide, provided that the use is repeatedly explained and continuously guided and encouraged," Ehrenreich says.
The psychological counseling given to patients may be the reason, the researchers write. Their study appears in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.
The study included 180 people with severe alcoholism who were enrolled in a two-year outpatient program to address their alcoholism through counseling and medications.
After alcohol detoxification, participants got real alcoholism drugs (Antabuse or calcium carbimide) or fake drugs. The sham drugs were only given to patients with medical conditions that ruled out using the real drugs.
Participants were followed for nine years. They didn't take the drugs that long, tapering off the medications after a year had passed (with some staying on Antabuse for a longer time).
Because people don't always accurately report their drinking habits, participants got blood tests to check for signs of alcohol use.
Better Results From Psychology?
Participants' odds of not relapsing were better than half (52%) over the nine-year period. Their odds of not drinking any alcohol during that time were better than one in four (26%).
The fake and real drugs were both tied to alcohol abstinence and called "alcohol deterrents" by the researchers. Antabuse causes a person to have unpleasant effects if alcohol is consumed, thus serving as a negative deterrent.
Besides taking the drugs, participants also got psychological counseling. The therapists "dramatically outline[d] the danger of drinking alcohol under the influence of the alcohol deterrent," write the researchers.
The therapists also praised patients for staying sober and stressed the importance of building an alcohol-free lifestyle.
If participants started drinking, they got what the researchers call "aggressive aftercare." That included immediate steps -- including unscheduled visits to participants' homes by the therapists -- to nip relapses in the bud.
IN THE WORKPLACE
Research on Depression in the Workplace.
For more information please click here
Mental Health Matters Journal for Psychiatrists & GP's
Click here for more info on articles & how to subscribe
Literacy is a luxury that many of us take for granted. We depend on written communication for information, guidance, and access to heath care information That is why SADAG created SPEAKING BOOKS and revolutionized the way information is delivered to low literacy communities. It's exactly what it sounds like.a book that talks to the reader in his or her local language, delivering critical information in an interactive, and educational way.
The customizable 16-page book, accompanied by local celebrity audio recordings, ensures that vital health and social messages can be seen, heard, read and understood..
We started with books on Teen Suicide prevention , HIV, AIDS and Depression, Understanding Mental Health and have developed over 30 titles, such as TB, Malaria, Polio, Vaccines for over 30 countries.
- Click here to see speaking books in action
- Click here for sample book on clinical trials
- Click here for latest press release 1.
- Click here for latest press release 2.
- Click here to connect to international site www.booksofhope.com
- Speaking books for Health Care YouTube
Psychology and Alcoholism Study
By Miranda Hitti
Dr Reddy's Help Line
0800 21 22 23
Cipla 24hr Mental Health Helpline
0800 456 789
Pharmadynamics Police &Trauma Line
0800 20 50 26
Adcock Ingram Depression and Anxiety Helpline
0800 70 80 90
Destiny Helpline for Youth & Students
0800 41 42 43
0800 55 44 33
Department of Social Development Substance Abuse Line 24hr helpline
0800 12 13 14
Suicide Crisis Line
0800 567 567
SADAG Mental Health Line
011 234 4837
Akeso Psychiatric Response Unit 24 Hour
0861 435 787
EMERGENCY Contact Numbers for Students in South Africa - Click here
MENTAL HEALTH CALENDAR 2019
Teen Suicide Prevention Week
11 - 18 February
Bipolar Awareness Day
Substance Abuse Awareness Day
Mental Health Awareness Month
1 – 31 July
Panic Awareness Day
World Suicide Prevention Day
World Mental Health Day
View our list of informative Infographs.
SADAG KZN Branch
SADAG have a office in Durban with the support of Psychiatrist Dr Suvira Ramlall and Clinical Psychologist, Suntosh Pillay.
The offices are based in Life St Joseph’s Hospital in Durban and are managed by Lynn Norton
The KZN Branch is deeply committed to;
- Launching new Support Groups
- Workshops on aspects of Mental Health
- School Talks on Suicide Prevention
- Corporate Wellness For KZN companies
Please click here for more information about the KZN activities.
Want to become a volunteer counsellor? Contact Michelle 011 234 4837
Download Application Form Here
If you are interested in starting a Support Group, please contact Michelle on 0800 21 22 23.
To find a Support Group in your area, please phone SADAG on 0800 21 22 23.
If you are a journalist writing a story contact Cassey/Kayla on
011 234 4837 /email@example.com