Psychiatric News | September 07, 2012
Volume 47 Number 17 page 5c-5c, American Psychiatric Association, Professional News
Most Young Girls With Depression Fail to Receive Treatment
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Episodes of depression are more common among teenage girls than among boys, and more common among older teenage girls than younger ones.
An annual average of 1.4 million girls aged 12 to 17 experienced a major past-year depressive episode from 2008 to 2010, according to a “data spotlight” from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).
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About 12 percent of teenaged girls experienced a major depressive episode, a rate nearly three times that of their male peers (4.5 percent). Moreover, the percentage of girls who experienced a major depressive episode tripled between the ages of 12 and 15 from 5.1 to 15.2 percent, according to the SAMHSA report.
Sixteen-year-old girls experienced the highest rate of major depressive episodes, at 16.1 percent.
One of the report’s other important findings was that older adolescent girls experiencing major depressive episodes were more likely to receive treatment than younger ones—about two-fifths of girls aged 15 to 17 received treatment as opposed to only one-third of the girls aged 12 to 14.
A major depressive episode is defined in the survey using DSM-IV criteria. The report is based on combined data from the 2008 to 2010 SAMHSA National Survey on Drug Use and Health, which is a scientifically conducted annual survey of approximately 67,500 people throughout the country aged 12 and older.
“It is crucial that we provide adolescent girls the coping skills and social supports they need to avoid the onset of depression, and to offer behavioral health services that foster resilience and recovery if they experience it,” said SAMHSA Administrator Pamela Hyde in a statement. “These efforts are a sound investment in girls’ health and well-being and in our nation’s future.”
“Data Spotlight: Depression Triples Between the Ages of 12 and 15 Among Adolescent Girls” is posted at www.samhsa.gov/data/spotlight/Spot077GirlsDepression2012