Understanding symptoms of severe manic depression
THE South African Depression and Anxiety Group (Sadag) said bipolar disorder was the sixth leading cause of disability in the world and more than four million South Africans could have a mood disorder.
Bipolar disorder is an illness that causes severe mood swings, from manic highs to deep depression.
Up to three to four percent of the population is affected by this illness.
Bipolar disease is still largely stigmatised with labels such as ?crazy?, ?unstable?, and ?dangerous? for the sufferers. Symptoms of bipolar disorder include: Two types of mood episodes occur in bipolar disorder, manic and depressive episodes. Symptoms of manic episodes are: ? Needing little sleep yet having great amounts of energy, ? Talking so fast that others can?t follow ? Being so easily distracted that your attention shifts between many topics in just a few minutes, ? Having an inflated feeling of power, greatness, or importance, ? Extreme irritability and distractibility.
Symptoms of a depressive episode are: ? Feeling sad or depressed ? Losing interest in things you normally enjoy, ? Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much, ? Feeling slowed down or hyperactive, ? Feeling worthless or guilty or having very low self-esteem, ? Recurring thoughts of suicide or death.
Bipolar disorder: ? Often disrupts work, school, family and social life, ? Typically begins in adolescence or early adulthood and continues throughout life.